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They can be stored dry for long periods in air tight containers in the refrigerator. Although there are no medicinal uses of the bald cypress, it is very popularly used for lumber and making furniture, because it has powerful anti-fungal properties. Green Whisper® bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum ‘JFS-SGPN’) has very bright green foliage. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Seed dormancy: Bald cypress has physiological dormancy. Following stratification, sow seeds in a nursery container to produce a seedling or sow them in a plastic container in the classroom to observe germination. The fruit should be allowed to dry and then broken apart. In 1963, it was named Louisiana’s state tree. Displays in October. Try to avoid getting the sticky resin on yourself, your clothes, or work space because it is very difficult to get off. The bald cypress is so named due to its uncommon “baldness” (or bare looking branches) as a gymnosperm. Timber isn’t the only thing the bald cypress was used for. A good shade tree in summer and allows full sunlight after leaf fall in winter. In the Middle Ages, Cypress was often used as the wood to create large carved cathedral doors. The Bald Cypress is a very interesting and unique tree. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Size of Fruit: Between a Quarter and the Length of a Credit Card . Fruit Fruit shape: round or ovulate, cone Fruit length: ½ to 1 inch Fruit covering: dry or hard Fruit color: green when young, then turns brown and hard with maturity Figure 2. Seed collection: Bald cypress fruit is a round cone. Fruit Desirable to Birds or Squirrels: No . The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. The wood of the Bald Cypress is also strong and heavy making it great for outdoor construction as it is resistant to shrinkage, rotting and termites. The bald cypress is the only member of its family that is native to North America- in fact, according to Yahoo!Encyclopedia.com, the redwood and the bald cypress are the only two trees native to this continent. The resin in the cones on the Bald Cypress were also used as a healing balm for various aliments, especially rashes on the skin and wounds. Leaf—Taxodium distichum: baldcypress Figure 4. Site design : Academic Web Pages. The seeds are difficult to completely separate from the resinous fruit part and they can be sown together. Bald cypress is one of the few conifers that is deciduous, dropping its leaves in the fall. Flower—Taxodium distichum: baldcypress Taxodium distichum, commonly called bald cypress, is a long-lived, pyramidal conifer (cone-bearing tree) which grows 50-70' tall (less frequently to 125'). The wood of the Bald Cypress is also strong and heavy making it great for outdoor construction as it is resistant to shrinkage, rotting and termites. Bald cypress (also spelled baldcypress) is a conifer native to much of the United States. The bald cypress is a native tree to the southeastern United States that grows in the Mississippi Valley drainage basin, along the Gulf Coast, and up the coastal plain to the mid-Atlantic states. Seed germination: Stratify seeds using moist chilling for 60 days to satisfy physiological dormancy. This site was last updated on November 19, 2020. The leaves are alternate, linear, and flat with blades generally spreading around the twig. Bald cypress is a large, slow-growing but long-lived, deciduous conifer, which frequently reaches 100 to 120 feet in height and 3 to 6 feet in diameter. The main trunk is often surrounded by cypress knees.The bark is grayish brown to reddish brown, thin, and fibrous with a stringy texture; it has a vertically, interwoven pattern of shallow ridges and narrow furrows. The Bald Cypress is also used as an ornamental tree. Cypress Family (Cupressaceae). The bark is thin and Taxodium distichum, commonly called bald cypress, is a long-lived, pyramidal conifer (cone-bearing tree) which grows 50-70' tall (less frequently to 125'). It has structures developed from its roots called “knees”- they grow out of the water in order to perform gas exchange, which helps the tree survive in the marshes. Although it looks like a needled evergreen (same family as redwoods) in summer, it is deciduous ("bald" as the common name suggests). 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