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The sound projects well either because it emphasizes the higher frequencies (bad) or because it is clear, that is to say the frequency response of the instrument is well balanced (good). Spruce ages beautifully, like fine wine. Unlike spruce and similar whitewoods, cedar exhibits natural resistance to both rot and pests. There are around 35 species of spruce and they have several uses. Reply to Tom. French luthier, Daniel Friederich, has passed away at the age of 88. Ultimately, it all comes down to the preference of the performer. The Pinaceae or pine family of trees is a large and diverse tree family with more than 250 species that can grow up to 100 meters tall. Interesting how some luthiers seem also to have been ambivalent about spruce vs cedar, and to have gone through a ‘cedar phase’. ). I strongly doubt that any of these old saws that you repeat would stand up to blind testing for one moment. When paired with a contrasted set of hardwoods for the back and sides, a good cut of spruce is simply delightful to the eyes of both the performer and the audience. One alternative to cedar is redwood. They can grow up to 60 meters tall and have spicy-scented wood. I currently own and play guitars with spruce tops, one with rosewood back and sides and the other with maple. Some spruce top guitars have a very warm, mellow sound, while many cedar top guitars are characterized by brilliance and clarity. Reducing the spruce-cedar issue to this material/physical aspect only or worse, to famos names and prices is the wrong way, I believe. One more point, Jose Ramirez III would seriously disagree with this article. These are just a few points to help better understand some of the more “generalized” characteristics of spruce tops. Spruce is a tree that is native to temperate and taiga regions. Antonio Rey Wins a LATIN GRAMMY AWARD in the Best Flamenco Album Category. They can also grow up to 60 meters tall and have needle-like leaves but have whorled branches. What do you guys think? Well, the Cordoba C7 European spruce top, and the Cordoba C7 Canadian cedar top both belong to the same series of the Cordoba classical guitars- C7 series. It is edible, though, and its oil can be made into spruce beer; its needles can be made into tea and spruce tip syrup, and its sap can be made into gum. Cedar tends to be a less hard wood than spruce and gives, generally speaking, a quieter projection but more character, losing clarity when strummed hard; consequently, it tends to be favoured by finger pickers (hence its use in classical guitars! Therefore, cedars offer a high degree of resistance to deterioration, particularly compared to spruce. Emelda M. "Difference Between Cedar and Spruce." This same scent is given off by the oil that the cedar tree produces making products made from it decay and rot resistant. 2.Cedar wood is decay and rot resistant while spruce wood does not have this property. Cite One of its main uses is as paper. Cedar trees are ornamental but they also have other uses. Korean Guitarist, Jiji Kim, Visits GSI and Records Music by Claudia Sessa and Tania León. Cedar is well known to be the most durable wood on the market, being the most successful at surviving harsh climates and weathering. Spruce top guitars have a wonderful blooming tone, with bell-like trebles and basses that are low and full but tend more toward the mid range. Cedar, on the other hand, has a shorter (so to speak) break in period. Good to see this blog addressing the really important issues! We decided to create a list of 5 distinct features that distinguishes spruce from cedar. Cedar has these classifications: Deodar cedar Its roots can be woven into baskets and are used to sew pieces of birch bark which are used for canoes. I think classical guitars with excellent master grade sitka tops may be scare or hard to find because guitar makers may prefer European spruce or cedar. Cedar leaf is often used topically as an amazing lymphatic draining unwanted waste and uric acid from the muscles and joints. Spruce is typically lighter and blonde in color, sometimes even having a honey or amber tint. Some people call this wood “aromatic cedar” due to its strong, woody smell. and updated on April 27, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Tropical Meteorology and Monsoon Meteorology, Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees, The Difference Between Softwood and Hardwood, Difference Between Armadillo and Anteater, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Cedar wood can also absorb moisture and deodorize so it is suitable for shoe trees. It is, therefore, a wonderful oil that helps ease rheumatic conditions. This species is generally grown throughout the eastern side of the United States, up to the height of 20 m to 40 m. However, there are some trees that reach 100 m or taller. Every now and again, with the right weather conditions, a cedar top can sound amazing in a way that spruce can’t, if you can wait that long. A lattice braced spruce top will sound quite different from a fan braced spruce top, and both of these will sound distinctly different from a double-top cedar guitar. Considering this, it is no surprise that hardwoods tend to make poor tops for guitars. It’s also great for abdominal pain, muscles cramps, and nausea associated with menses. And talking of waiting, who wants to wait 15 years for a new spruce guitar to reach its best? Basically genres that benefit from the striking sound the Spruce top produces. A lot of people like Spruce tops more than Cedar tops because Spruce tops produce a much clearer and brighter sound. Like the cedar, spruce is a popular ornamental tree. It seems as if every time the topic of classical guitar comes up in conversation, this question seems to spring up as well. As a building material, spruce wood is made into crates, wooden aircraft, and tone wood in musical instruments such as guitars, violins, cellos, and soundboard for pianos. Spruce top guitars also have a tone palette that is sensitive and highly nuanced. What is the main factor that guarantees swift response and even notes throughout the registers? • Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Cedar and Spruce. I think it depends on the guitar. There so much variation in the world of classical guitar, and eventually, the onus falls on the player to decide what he or she likes or dislikes about a particular tonewood. The tree also has a thick bark and broad branches with fern-like leaves that are green. April 27, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-cedar-and-spruce/ >. After logging, it is prone to decay and is suitable only for indoor use. Both comments and pings are currently closed. But even L. Bernstein was surprised when the 1st horn player of his Vienna orchestra explained to him that he used different instruments for every act in Wagner’s opera and even demonstrated that. Because of that, they possess all the same features, except the wood used in making the … Generally the closer the stripes of the wood are, the older the wood is. DifferenceBetween.net. After another night of checking out old models of 25 years of age ( Ramirez, Bellido ) and new ones from 2013-15 ( European spruce, 15-30ys old, D.Wurth etc.) Over time, a good cut of spruce will mature and darken, giving it a golden (almost glowing) look. Cedar guitars are usually darker, warmer, and fuller sounding than spruce guitars. Lebanon or Turkish cedar Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Emelda M. A master luthier can emphasize or suppress frequencies at will to produce a balanced result. I know this is a very “rural” philosophy. However, there seems to be a lot of myth surrounding this age old question. As Central Europeans my partner and I have a preferance for luthiers from Granada or Germans who were their apprentices. Obviously, there are a plethora of exceptions to consider. More interesting is the percentage of a traditionally-built guitar’s sound that is due to the particular player and that makes this subject almost an irrelevance other than to tyros. It is also used as a building material and as a lining for chests and closets because its scent acts as an insect repellent. Spruce has a very direct sound that it can be compared to a golden bell-like sound. 4.Cedar has a distinct scent which acts as an insect repellent while spruce does not. The photo featured above is a fine example of this; an 1862 Antonio De Torres with a wonderfully aged spruce top (taken from our Museum Archive). The conventional view is that cedar produces a warmer, fuller, mellower sound, and spruce produces a sharper, brighter sound with more clarity. We can all agree that both materials have their respective advantages, and furthermore, that some players simply prefer the sound and look of one tonewood over the other. 5.Cedar has medicinal properties and is used to treat a variety of medical problems while spruce does not have medicinal properties. Actually the widespread use of cedar tonewood for classical guitar tops began fairly recently, having its major “boom” in the mid 1960’s. Density: Spruce is generally greater, although some specimens of Engelmann spruce fall within the general range of cedar. Seriously (although the above does has a point), I own guitars with spruce, cedar and Sitka spruce tops. 3.Cedar wood is suitable for indoor and outdoor use while spruce is only suitable for indoor use. Both woods work well in home and building projects, and … i loved this and so true about the aging i bought my simplicio replica from u about 7 years ago and the change in herfor the better is amazing the tone has matured and deepened yes we are growing older together !! Because of cedars' high resistance to deterioration, many builders install untreated and unsealed cedar … Both sound great and become more mellow when played a lot in which they are. Do you prefer cedar over spruce? A player with a good touch will get an incredible variety of tones and timbres from a spruce top guitar. First of all, SPF stands for Spruce Pine Fir, which indicates a mix of the wood types. Spruce is edible, and parts of the tree can be made into tea, beer, syrup, and gum while cedar cannot be eaten. Generally speaking, this is true, but with many individual exceptions. Why? For some musicians, the sound it produces is a clearer, balanced, and more sustained. 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