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Different types of piano scales. All Rights Reserved. Mr. PC by John Coltrane (form 2 in C minor), Equinox by John Coltrane (form 2 in C# minor), Birk’s Works by Dizzy Gillespie (form 2 in F minor), Stolen Moments by Oliver Nelson (form 2 in C minor during the solos), Long Train Running by The Doobie Brothers (form 2 in G minor), Shine On You Crazy Diamond by Pink Floyd (form 2 in G minor only during the keyboard, sax and guitar solos), The Thrill is Gone by B.B. We discuss and explore combining these scales to access more interesting sounds on the piano. There are a few other key differences which we will highlight in lesson 1 of the course. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. I’ll start by showing the progression in the key of A minor: In the key of A minor, the A minor 7 chord (Am7) is the i chord. Regardless of the approach or style that is being used, the blues scale would feature heavily in any guitarist’s scale choice, and it can sound great even if it’s the only scale used. First, let’s look at the roman numerals of the 12 bar progression: The progression is exactly the same as form 1 except for the 9th and 10th bars, where we now have the VI chord going to V. Locating the VI chord is easy: its root note will just be a half step above V. Here’s a diagram showing where it would be if we were in the key of A minor: The VI chord will be a dominant 7th chord, just like V. If we are in the key of A minor, the VI chord would be an F7, making all our chords for the progression Am7 (i), Dm7 (iv), E7 (V), and F7 (VI). For both form 1 and 2 of the A minor blues progression, you could use the A blues scale (meaning the A minor pentatonic scale, plus the blues note). The blues is most commonly a 12 bar form, though you can find tunes with different variations. When it come to jazz improvisation, I have a special rule: If you want to become a great jazz improviser, you have to understand jazz harmony. Most of these variations are slight deviations from two common forms of the progression, both of which I’ll cover in this lesson. King (form 2 in B minor), As The Years Go Passing By by Albert King (a slightly modified form 2 in B minor), Life is Hard by Johnny Winter (a slightly modified form 1 in C minor). Modal scales are more exotic sounding than the pentatonic and blues scales. In today’s lesson, I’m going to walk you through 4 different important blues chord progressions. The minor blues progression follows the standard 12 bar form but with minor 7th or minor 6th chords instead of the dominant 7th chords that you would associate with the traditional 12 bar blues. For the G minor blues progression, you could use the G blues scale. The Minor Blues Progression is a variation of the standard 12 bar blues progression.. A couple rock songs that use the progression are: Warren Haynes photo credit: iaintright / CC BY-NC-SA, Bio Major Scales. As you can see, a capital Roman numeral indicates “major,” and a lowercase Roman numeral indicates “minor.” 7 Piano Chord Progressions Everyone Should Know. The Minor Blues Progression – Alternate Ending. In the final lesson in this course, we apply everything we have learnt to the famous tune "Mr PC" written by John Coltrane. The classic 12 bar Blues progression is one of the most popular progressions of the 20th century and it spanned beyond Blues into Jazz and even influenced traditional Gospel music. In the C minor blues progression, we have an Ab7 in bar 9, leading to a G7 in bar 10, which resolves back to the tonic for the final 4 bars. To do these chords specifically as Am7, Dm7, Em7 and E7, they would be like this: For an example of doing this in another key, lets put together the progression in G minor. Ukulele Lessons, Guitar Lessons with Andy Lemaire Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. A turnaround is a series of … An advanced guitarist taking more of a jazz approach to soloing over this progression might use a handful of modal scales, as well as some usage of the harmonic or melodic minor scale. Let’s take a look at common piano chord progressions in minor keys. We start by introducing the minor blues form and exploring the similarities and differences to the standard 12 bar blues. Enhancing The Minor Blues Form We will then look at enhancing the minor blues form with inversions, substitutions and rehamonisations. We can also introduce passing chords to add harmonic interest to the 12 bar minor blues progression. The D minor 7 chord (Dm7) is the iv chord, Em7 is v, and E7 is V. As you can see, from a roman numeral standpoint the progression is the same as the major blues progression. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. For simplicity’s sake, each chord progression below is shown both in Roman numerals and in the key of C Major, as an example. The chord progressions on the following list can be used in any of the 12 major keys. In this example, we will add a turnaround progression in the second bar. Major scales are usually associated with upbeat and optimistic music. Minor key blues uses exactly the same 1 4 5 root relationship from earlier, but with minor chords instead of major/dominant 7th. The most common types of scale are major scales, minor scales and the blues scale. The root note of iv will then be on the same fret but on the 5th string, and the root of v and V will be two frets higher than iv. Here’s a diagram of what I describe, with the root notes of i, iv and v/V in the key of A minor: Then, just build the chords you need off those root notes using some movable chord shapes. Online Lessons Piano Chords In The Key Of E Minor. This is the fourth part in my ‘Breaking Down the Blues’ series. You should be comfortable with the concepts of chord extensions, altered harmony, and rootless voicings. You should be comfortable with the concepts of chord extensions, altered harmony, and rootless voicings. Studio Location & Description We then take the application of scales a step further by introducing modal scales. So, form 2 of the A minor blues progression would be this: If we were to put the progression together in G minor, our VI chord would be Eb7, and therefore our progression and chords would be this: There is a lesson dedicated to left hand patterns and basslines. This one is equally, if not more, common than form 1 of the progression. This progression can be found in many styles of music. The following piano key chord chart shows all the triads in E minor as well as four note extended chords. There are actually quite a few variations of the minor blues progression out there. There are a number of similarities between the minor blues progression and the major blues progression: There are also a few differences, which I’ll talk about below. So, our chords would be Gm7, Cm7, Dm7, and D7. The V chord remains the same--MAJOR or DOMINANT 7. I’ll start by going over the form that is the most similar to the major blues progression. Blues Piano Chord Progressions. (The … We will then look at enhancing the minor blues form with inversions, substitutions and rehamonisations. If we are in the key of A minor, the VI chord would be an F7, making all our chords for the progression Am7 (i), Dm7 (iv), E7 (V), and F7 (VI). Welcome to this course on the minor blues progression. Try the 50s progression if you want to evoke some classy sadness and nostalgia. I’ll also demonstrate how to put the progression together in a couple different keys, and go over some blues tunes that use this progression. So, form 2 of the A minor blues progression would be this: If we were to put the progression together in G minor, our VI chord would be Eb7, and therefore our progression and chords would be this: When it comes to soloing over both forms of the minor blues progression, there are a number of choices available to you. In the previous parts, I covered the 12 bar blues progression, the extended box pattern of the blues scale, and I demonstrated some blues licks. In comparison with the progression I had covered in part one (which I’ll now refer to as the major blues progression), the minor blues progression has a darker, smoother sound to it. We start by recapping on the basic theory and then jump straight in with some improvisation drills and exercises to get you familiar and comfortable with these useful scales. Simply change the chord type of each chord to minor! The i, iv, and v chords will all be minor 7th chords, and are therefore indicated by lower case roman numerals. The piano has 88 keys and the guitar has six or twelve strings, which means the chords are formed in completely different ways. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. Here are links to the previous parts: In part four, I’ll talk about the second most common chord progression in the blues: the minor blues progression. UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 Here’s another one that’s sure to give you the blues: Don’t let the inverted chords in this progression fool you—it’s based on a simple descending bass line. Blog The key of the the chord progression will determine exactly which chords will be used. There are many ways you could do these chords, but here are some movable chords I like to use in this type of situation: You just need to position these chords so that their root notes (indicated by the circle with an R in it) are on the notes I diagrammed above. Rates & Scheduling At first glance, it appears that the minor blues are the same as the standard, except with minor chords instead of dominant 7 chords. Both feature the I, IV and V chords (although the numerals are lower case in the minor blues progression). We use the iRealPro backing track to practice our in-tempo improvisation over the form. FAQ The last 4 bars of the minor blues progression is somewhat different to the standard 12 bar blues form. Testimonials It’s very similar to form 1 in that it will still feature the i, iv and V chords. The variation involves changing the I and IV chords in the blues progression to and iv (changing major chords to minor chords).. If these areas are new to you, then check out these courses: Matt then introduced the minor pentatonic scale and the blues scale. To do so, you’ll just need to know the notes on the 6th and 5th strings of the guitar, and a few movable chord shapes. If you’re unsure of what I mean about this, go ahead and check out part 2 of this series for a broader description. Series of … minor key blues could use the iRealPro backing track to practice our in-tempo improvisation over form! 12 major keys s lesson, I thought I ’ ll start by going over form! A look at enhancing the minor blues progression is somewhat different to the 12 bar minor blues form you. The … let ’ s go over another form of the minor blues progression blues scales should be comfortable the. Iv chords in the second bar will be used for improvisation over minor chords ) 196! By going over the form will be used for improvisation over the form key blues chord! 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