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BibliographyBonar, Horatius. In some also God is wanting after the Lord; a reading which has proceeded from the idea, that the person who speaks in the verse could be no other than Christ, to whom the title, the Lord God, is not applied. For the epithet ὁ παντοκρά τωρ is never put, without either θεὸ ς or Jehovah immediately preceding. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, a 2 who gives witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ by reporting what he saw. Cf. In the Divine title which we are considering, the first and second members are put by themselves in Greek; but the third and fourth members, which have the same meaning as the two former, are only used for this purpose, that they may bring to the memory of the reader the Hebrew יהוה צבאות. AR 10. 147, says, “Adam transgressed the whole law, from Aleph to Tov.”. As the Creator of the vast universe; as the sustainer of all being; as the Redeemer of His Church; as "the Lord strong in battle;" as "able to save to the uttermost," "mighty to save;" as the binder of Satan; as the destroyer of Antichrist; as the renewer of the earth—He is Almighty. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. By the opening of the second century πατὴρ παντοκράτωρ had become the first title of God in the Roman creed; the Apocalypse, indifferent to the former epithet, reproduces the latter owing to its Hebraic sympathies, ἐγώ εἰμι: Coleridge used to declare that one chief defect in Spinoza was that the Jewish philosopher started with It is instead of with I am. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Neither the Vatican, Sinaitic (both most ancient of Biblical MSS. As there is, however, a difference of reading in this place in the Greek text, and as it can. These words apply to God, not to Christ. The description of the verse applies, with little doubt, to our Lord, and the words are a strong declaration of His divinity. Only once elsewhere (2 Corinthians 6:18) in N.T. He also applies this term to Jesus (22:13; cf. 52. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". And thus the meaning of the future prevailed in אהיה, including both a recapitulation of the revelations and promises of God, which had been given to the fathers, and a declaration of the event now to be exhibited, by the bringing the people out of Egypt. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". Revelation is thus a radical way to shape how we relate to God and one another today. 1905. (Witham). יהוה is used from הוה, to be: and this name of Himself may be regarded either absolutely, as He who is from eternity to eternity is in Himself; or relatively, as He becomes known to His people in His character as He who is, by accomplishing His promise by the work itself. "]It proclaims with emphasis at once, Fear, and Fear not. At this point God is seen as dramatically stepping in to make His declaration over the whole revelation, reinforcing John’s words in Revelation 1:4. Revelation 22:13, we have the whole three, Alpha and Omega, first and last, beginning and end. Romans 9:5. In Christ is the fullness of all SPACE. With this and the following passage, cf. Wisdom beyond that of all Greek philosophy is in Him; "in Him are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.". Go to, "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty. "God, as the old tradition declares, holding in His hand the beginning, middle, and end of all that is" (Plato, "Laws," 715). Commentary on Revelation 11:14-19 (Read Revelation 11:14-19) He is ‘the Almighty’. DD. But whenever God's work and witnesses revive, the devil's work and witnesses fall before him. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. The very word ‘revelation’ is the opposite of ‘hidden’. AR 29. The fullness of the past eternity is His; the fullness of the future eternity is His; and the fullness of the vast present is also His. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Theosand this reading is adopted by Griesbach, Tittman, and Hahn, and is now regarded as the correct reading. It should seem, that no sooner had the beloved Apostle ended, as in the verse before, his rapturous expressions, in contemplating the Person of his Lord; but Jesus instantly appeared, and delivered himself in these most precious words, as if confirming all that his servant had said of him. Luther follows here a double false reading. The Almighty - An appellation often applied to God, meaning that he has all power, and used here to denote that he is able to accomplish what is disclosed in this book. It is plain therefore that the name יהוה adds to the meaning of the name אהיה something beyond the mere difference between the first and third person; since first of all the Lord called Himself I shall be, and presently afterwards He began to call Himself by the habitual title, He shall be—Being—He was. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". yea, there is no God; I know not any! https: It will, however, as Doddridge observes, be difficult to give sufficient proof that the words of this verse were spoken by the Father. And yet Moses was commanded to say, אהיה I WILL BE hath sent me; and the Lord also calls Himself יהוה Jehovah: and the name אהיה is not afterwards repeated, whereas the name יהוה is of constant occurrence. KJV Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. In Genesis , Moses also emphasized God"s power and faithfulness more than any other of His attributes. 1896. He does not say, I will be what I was, I will be what I am; but אהיה אשר אהיה, I will be what I will be: where there is implied the declaration of a benefit to be almost immediately bestowed. At that time also He was called Jehovah, but by a less solemn use. How fitting that this truly weighty introduction should close with the title of God as the "Almighty," a title which has been a rock of strength to His afflicted people in all ages. But there may also be the idea that every letter in this revelation comes directly from Him. The Lamb opens the first seal. It is a fullness which eye has not seen nor ear heard. The beginning and the ending. The first word, Apokalypsis (revelation), gives this book its title. The infinity of time belongs to Him; He is Himself that infinity. § 23. He is the originator and terminator of all things. He announces His own titles and glories. Besides, a portion of the language used here, "which is, and was, and is to come," is what would more naturally suggest a reference to God as such, than to the Lord Jesus Christ. And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write - On the meaning of the word "angel," see the notes on Revelation 1:20.. What a blessed verse is here! There is no real incongruity in supposing, also, that the writer here meant to refer to God as such, since the introduction of a reference to him would not be inappropriate to his manifest design. Revelation 1:1 - 8 April 26, 2020. To get what Revelation 1:8 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. The word “Omega” (like “Omicron,” “Epsilon,” “Upsilon,”) is a mediaeval barbarism; but it is a convenient one, and it has secured a firm place in our language by the English rendering of this passage. Echa Rabbati, fol. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. For here we have the "long-suffering" and the "salvation" of which Paul and James and Peter speak in their epistles—"The Lord is very pitiful and of tender mercy;" "not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance;" "who will have all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. https: 1 The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God a gave him b to show to his servants 1 the things that must soon take place. 1909-1922. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 33.21. IV. But He is also the end. 2:1-3:22). 55. Alpha and Omega; these are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and by thus applying them to himself, Christ shows that he is the cause and end of all things. and Ethics, i. Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario (Oregon) teaches through the Bible from the book of Revelation. The meaning here is, that on the opening of this seal, instead of voices, thunderings, tempests, as perhaps was expected from the character of the sixth seal (Revelation 6:12 ff), and which seemed only to have been suspended for a time Revelation 7:1 - the wrath in respect to the city, which was now suspended for a short time. This whole introduction points to the main event of the following Revelation , the return of Jesus Christ at His second coming ( Revelation 19:11-16). Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters in the Greek alphabet, as Aleph and Tau are in the Hebrew alphabet: the meaning of these is expounded. Revelation 1:1-8 New International Version (NIV) Prologue. Jesus calls Himself “Alpha and Omega” four times in the Book of Revelation. Besides, a portion of the language used here, “which is, and was, and is to come,” is what would more naturally suggest a reference to God as such, than to the Lord Jesus Christ. The LXX. The Almighty—Who speaks here, God or Christ? Revelation 1:8. Revelation 1:8 8 x “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, y “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” Read more Share Copy Alpha and Omega = The Alpha and the Omega. Revelation 1:8 KJV I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Transcribers probably inserted the clause from Re 21:6. The word we render “Almighty” (perhaps rather meaning “of all might”) does not correspond to the word “Shaddai” which we translate “Almighty” in the Old Testament. Many mss., instead of "Lord," κυρίος kurios, read "God," Θεὸς Theos and this reading is adopted by Griesbach, Tittman, and Hahn, and is now regarded as the correct reading. (b) there can be no doubt that the same language is applied to him in Revelation 1:11. & Avoda Zara, fol. on Jehovah Elohim my Betir. Afterwards He Himself expresses the name, commanding Moses to say, אהיה I WILL BE hath sent me. Alpha and omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet and signify here God"s comprehensive control over all things including time. "He is the beginning" (Colossians 1:18), as well as "in the beginning" (John 1:1); and as such, He is the Creator of all things in heaven and in earth (Colossians 1:16); the circumference as well as the center of the universe. The word means the all-powerful One, the Omnipotent One. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". What a calm to the soul amidst the rush of life! "The Almighty" is not simply the witness of omnipotent power, but signifies Almighty in "sustaining resources," and it will be found in the course of this book that the circumstances of God's people make many a demand on this strong Name; hence its frequency in the Apocalypse, found only once elsewhere in the New Testament (2 Corinthians 6:18), and then as a quotation from Isaiah. https: For although the noun יהוה itself might be expressed by Greek letters, yet it never was so expressed among the people of God. The beginning of all testimony is in God, and the end, too, centres in Him. "Commentary on Revelation 1:8". We are carried back to the first chapter of the Gospel of John, and the first chapter of the first Epistle of John; yet the language is not the same. Proclaims with emphasis at once, Fear, and who is, however a. The correct reading is clearly identified from the text, the close connexion with the forecast. In ch, אהיה I will be to you: Hosea 1:9 ὁ ὦ ν ὁ... 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